Guide to U.S. Nuclear Weapons Complex



Weapons Complex Map
Nuclear Watch Interactive Map:
  U.S. Nuclear Weapons Complex
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    Facilities:
    Kansas City Plant
    Lawrence Livermore National Labs
    Los Alamos National Laboratory
    Nevada National Security Site
    Pantex Plant
    Sandia National Laboratories
    Savannah River Site
    Washington DC
    Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
    Y-12 National Security Complex


Sandia Local Area Citizens Watchdog Group:

Citizen Action New Mexico


FY 2014 Performance Evaluation Plan, Sandia Corporation



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Arsenal of Information




Dossiers:

New Nuclear-Capable Cruise Missile
B61-12 Enhanced Nuclear Bomb
Marshall Islands Lawsuit
Lockheed Lobbying Abuses
MOX / Plutonium Disposition
CMRR-Nuclear Facility
Conference on the Humanitarian Impact
Nuclear Testing Since 1945
Fukushima Disaster and Updates
Atomic Histories

ANA Map of nuclear risks USA
Click the image to download this large printable map of DOE sites, commercial reactors, nuclear waste dumps, nuclear transportation routes, surface waters near sites and transport routes, and underlying aquifers. This map was prepared by Deborah Reade for the Alliance for Nuclear Accountability.


nuclear misconduct
Nuclear Weapons Complex Misconduct
Dec. 3, 2015. POGO: Updated Federal Contractor Misconduct Database, focussing on Nuclear Complex (see report at POGO)



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Sandia National Laboratories



Sandia National Laboratories

There are three major nuclear weapons laboratories in the National Nuclear Security Administration's (NNSA's) nuclear weapons complex, Los Alamos (LANL), Lawrence Livermore, and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). LANL was, of course, the birthplace of atomic weapons during the WWII years, while Livermore was founded in 1952 to develop the thermonuclear H-Bomb.
Sandia is a direct descendent of the Manhattan Project's engineering division that turned the devices into deployable weapons that destroyed Hiroshima and Nagasaki. In July 1945, the forerunner of Sandia Laboratory, known as Los Alamos' 'Z' Division, was established at what is now Kirtland Air Force Base on the east edge of Albuquerque to handle nonnuclear components weapons development, testing, and bomb assembly for the Manhattan Project. Sandia became a separate lab in 1949.
Sandia is the most diverse of the three nuclear weapons labs. It is now operated by the for-profit Sandia Corporation, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Lockheed Martin Corporation. All three directors of the nuclear weapons labs have an inherent conflict-of-interest in that they also act as the presidents of the executive boards of the for-profit limited liability corporations running the labs.


March 20, 2015:
Sandia's MESA starts largest production series in its history
Sandia's Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications complex has begun making silicon wafers for three nuclear weapon modernization programs, the largest production series in MESA's history. (story)


March 10, 2015:
Sandia Labs, Lockheed, and the CIA Working Together to Hack Your Phone.
From the Intercept report:
Security Researchers from Sandia National Laboratories presented their Apple-focused research at a secret annual CIA conference held at a Lockheed Martin facility inside an executive office park in northern Virginia. Lockheed is one of the largest defense contractors in the world; its tentacles stretch into every aspect of U.S. national security and intelligence. The company is akin to a privatized wing of the U.S. national security state- more than 80 percent of its total revenue comes from the U.S. government. Lockheed Martin owns the Sandia Corporation which manages Sandia Labs.
"'Lockheed Martin's role in these activities should not be surprising given its leading role in the national surveillance state,' says William Hartung, director of the Arms and Security Project at the Center for International Policy and author of Prophets of War, a book that chronicles Lockheed's history. 'It is the largest private intelligence contractor in the world, and it has worked on past surveillance programs for the Pentagon, the CIA and the NSA. If you're looking for a candidate for Big Brother, Lockheed Martin fits the bill.'"
The CIA Campaign to Steal Apple's Secrets


Nov.12, 2014:
DoE IG Report: Sandia Labs Misused Federal Contract Funds
Managers at Sandia Laboratories improperly used taxpayer funds to influence members of Congress and other officials as part of an effort to extend the lab's $2.4 billion management contract according to a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General report released Nov. 12, 2014... One consultant suggested the lab's message to decision-makers should be that competition was not in the best interest of the government.
"We believe that the use of federal funds for the development of a plan to influence members of Congress and federal officials to, in essence, prevent competition was inexplicable and unjustified."
- N.B. Sandia reimbursed DoE more than $226,000 for fees paid to a consulting company run by Heather Wilson, the former New Mexico congresswoman. (more on that story) Source: Albuquerque Journal, Nov. 12, 2014


Here we compare FY 2015 funding request to two prior years. Percents given are of Sandia's FY 2015 budget. Amounts are in billions of dollars. Click for large PDF

Sandia National Laboratories FY 2015 Congressional Budget Request

Sandia has an estimated FY 2015 total institutional budget of $2.64 billion. Of that amount $1.8 billion is from Department of Energy funding, and $830 million from "Work for Others," such as DoD, CIA, FBI and Homeland Security. Of the DOE funding, Sandia has the largest nuclear weapons program ($1.53 billion), thanks to the huge Life Extension Program for B61 nuclear bomb (LANL FY 2015 nuclear weapons budget is $1.4 billion and Livermore $1 billion). Sandia employs a total of 10,597 people (some part-time), 9,474 in New Mexico, and roughly 4,000 overall in NNSA nuclear weapons programs. Total DOE spending in New Mexico is $4.56 billion, while the entire State's operating budget is $5.88 billion.

Weapons Complex Engineer:
Sandia tends to fly a bit under the radar, not receiving the attention it deserves. This is probably due to Sandia not being "nuclear" - - instead it takes the nuclear designs of the two other labs and turns them into deliverable weapons of mass destruction. Of the seven types of nuclear weapons in the current U.S. stockpile LANL has designed five and Livermore two. But, Sandia is co-designer for all seven.
Sandia has design and engineering responsibility for more than 90% of the 3,000 to 6,500 nonnuclear components in a nuclear weapon. These components include arming, fuzing, and firing systems; neutron generators that initiate the nuclear chain reaction; tritium gas transfer systems; and "surety" systems that prevent unauthorized use. As the "foreman" of the NNSA's nuclear weapons complex, Sandia acts as its liaison to the Pentagon, and overseeing the mating of nuclear warheads to Defense Department missiles and bombers.
Sandia examines complete nuclear weapon assemblies in "environmental testing" to make sure they will be able to withstand the extreme environments of vibration, temperature, and radiation. Sandia also studies nuclear weapons "effects," which concerns the effects of nuclear weapons on other nuclear weapons, to make sure that they are radiation hardened and will operate in the severe environments of a nuclear war.

Major Facilities at Sandia-New Mexico:
- TA-I Facilities at Tech Area-I include the recently constructed $462 million Microsystems and Engineering Sciences Applications (MESA) Complex, which Sandia calls the "cornerstone of 21st century weapons development." MESA consists of facilities that design, develop and manufacture microsystems for nuclear weapons, using integrated circuit fabrication techniques to make devices such as on-board processors, micro actuators, gears, and action arms fabricated from silicon compounds.
- TA-II hosts the Explosive Component Facility, sitting on 22 acres of TA-II, includes over 100,000 square feet of laboratories for R&D work on explosives.
- TA-III is the largest of the technical areas, the site of large-scale tests and engineering activities such as sled tracks, centrifuges and the Thermal Test Complex, which require safety or security buffers. Other facilities in TA-III include the Mixed Waste Landfill.
- TA-IV houses facilities used to conduct R&D activities in inertial confinement fusion, pulsed power, and nuclear particle acceleration, including the Z Accelerator, the Advanced Pulsed Power Development Lab, and a Superconducting Linear Accelerator. TA-V houses facilities that are primarily used for testing electronics, materials, and fissile components for radiation hardness.

Sandia National Laboratories 101
Prepared by Nuclear Watch New Mexico, September 26, 2014
Printable PDF

General Omar Bradley on Nuclear Weapons "Ours is a world of nuclear giants and ethical infants. We know more about war than we know about peace, more about killing than we know about living. We have grasped the mystery of the atom and rejected the Sermon on the Mount." -Gen. Omar Bradley

Our Mission: Through comprehensive research, public education and effective citizen action, Nuclear Watch New Mexico seeks to promote safety and environmental protection at regional nuclear facilities, mission diversification away from nuclear weapons programs, greater accountability and cleanup in the nation-wide nuclear weapons complex, and consistent U.S. leadership toward a world free of nuclear weapons.

Nuclear Watch New Mexico is supported by the Ploughshares Fund: Investing in Peace and Security Worldwide, the Windfall Foundation, the Just Woke Up Fund of the Santa Fe Community Foundation, the New Mexico Community Foundation, and by generous donors like you. Thank You!

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